Resources on Baha'i philosophy, under the headings "Shaykhism", "Science" and "General"


Keven Brown: Selections from the Bahá'í Writings and from Shaykh Ahmad on the Seven Stages of Creation (compliation of translations)

Juan Cole: The World as Text. The Cosmologies of Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'i

Idris Samawi Hamid: "Shaykh Aḥmad al-Aḥsāʾī and the Meaning of al-hikmat: A Foundation for Shīʿī Metaphysics": at 

Idris Samawi Hamid: "The Metaphysics and Cosmology of Process According to Shaykh Ahmad Al-Ahsāʾī̕: Critical Edition, Translation, and Analysis of Observations in Wisdom": download available at

Idris Samawi Hamid: "The Polarity of Existence and Essence according to Shaykh Aḥmad al-Aḥsāʾī": at

Idris Hamid's most recent ideas about the philosophy of Shaykh Ahmad, in a seven-part series, at

Stephen Lambden: "On the possible Hebrew, Judaic roots of the Ishraqi-Shaykhi term 'hurqalya' (= Per havarqalya) and a survey of its Islamic and Shi'i-Shaykhi uses"

Todd Lawson: Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'i and the World of Images

Todd Lawson: Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy in Twelver Shi'ism Ahmad al-Ahsa'i on Fayd Kashani (the Risalat al-Ilmiyya)

Moojan Momen: The Works of Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'i. A bibiography

Vahid Rafati: The Development of Shaykhi thought in Shi'i Islam

Pages containing links to Shaykh Ahmad-related materials:

- Hurqalya: Early Shaykism

- H-Baha'i Shaykh Ahmad writings

- the complete works of Shaykh Ahmad (excl his magnum opus "Sharh az-Ziyara al-Jami`a al-Kabira" (Explanation of the Grand General Prayer of Visitation))


Science (incl alchemy)

Abdu'l-Baha: Tablet on the Struggle for Survival, translated by Keven Brown

'Abdu'l-Baha: 'Abdu'l-Baha on Science and Religion, translated by Keven Brown

Keven Brown: Talk on Science and Religion, includes a commentary on the related tablet of 'Abdu'l-Baha

Keven Brown: Are 'Abdu'l-Bahá's views on evolution original?

Keven Brown: A Baha'i Perspective on the Origin of Matter

Keven Brown: Evolution and Belief

Idris Samawi Hamid: "Towards an Objective Logic of the Categories of Faith and Science" at

Eberhard von Kitzing: Origin of Complex Order in Biology: Abdu'l-Baha's concept of the originality of species compared to concepts in modern biology

Eberhard von Kitzing: Is the Bahá'í view of evolution compatible with modern science?

Rafie Mavaddat: Evolutionary Pathways in an Unfolding Universe

Courosh Mehanian and Stephen R. Friberg: Religion and Evolution Reconciled: 'Abdu'l-Bahá's Comments on Evolution

Vahid Ranjbar: Plato, Modern Physics and Baha'u'llah

Vahid Ranjbar: One Physicist's first Look at Abdu’l-Baha’s Tablet of the Universe


Baha'u'llah: Alchemical Epistle in Reply to a Question about the Philosopher's Stone (link includes a short tablet from the Bab). both translated by Stephen Lambden

Baha'u'llah: Alchemical Epistle Expository of an Utterance Ascribed to Mary the Jewess, translated by Stephen Lambden

Baha'u'llah: Alchemical Epistle to Abbas, translated by Stephen Lambden

Baha'u'llah: Commentary on the Isolated Letters/Tablet on the Light Verse, translated by Stephen Lambden

Keven Brown: Hermes Trismegistus and Apollonius of Tyana in the Writings of Bahá'u'lláh

Keven Brown: A Reflection on the Theory of Alchemy

Paul Kraus: Jabirian_Alchemy

Stephen Lambden: Alchemical Gnosis in Babi-Baha'i Scripture: Some Preliminary Notes

Sen McGlinn: Copper to Gold? Do Baha'is really believe that copper turns into gold after 70 years if protected from becoming dry (or solidified)?



'Abdu'l-Baha: 'Abdu'l-Baha on Divine Philosophy

'Abdu'l-Baha: Some Answered Questions (new 2014 version and comparisons)

'Abdu'l-Baha: Commentary on the Islamic Tradition "I was a hidden treasure..." translation and commentary by Moojan Momen

'Abdu'l-Baha: 'Abdu'l-Baha on three verses from Lawh-i Hikmat, translated by Keven Brown

'Abdu'l-Baha: Tablet to August Forel

The Bab: Risaliy-i-Dhahabiyyih (excerpt), translated by Keven Brown

Baha'u'llah: Tablet of All Food, trans Stephen Lambden

Baha'u'llah: Tablet of Wisdom

Baha'u'llah: Tablet of the Manifestation, translated by Stephen Lambden

Baha'u'llah: Tablet on the Right of the People, translated by Keven Brown, and translated by Mehran Ghassempour. Note that there are introductions at both links - the first by Alison Marshall and the second by Jean-Marc Lepain. 

Baha'u'llah: Baha'u'llah's Tablet of the Uncompounded Reality. A Provisional Translation by Moojan Momen, includes commentary

Keven Brown: Selections from the Bahá'í Writings and from Shaykh Ahmad on the Seven Stages of Creation (compilation of translations)

Keven Brown et al: Dialogue Regarding Platonic Forms, Internet discussion

Keven Brown: A Baha'i Perspective on the Origin of Matter

Keven Brown: 'Abdu'l-Bahá's Response to the Doctrine of the Unity of Existence

Keven Brown: Brief Discussion of the Primal Will in the Baha'i Writings

Keven Brown: Creation: The Nature of God and the Creation of the Universe in Bahá'í Cosmology

Vahid Brown: The Beginning that Hath No Beginning: Bahá’í Cosmogony

Phyllis Ghim-Lian Chew: Yinyang Cosmology and the Baha'i Faith

Roger Coe: An Organic Order: An Approach to the Philosophy of Baha'u'llah through the Writings of Shoghi Effendi

Juan Cole: The Concept of Manifestation in the Baha'i Writings

Theo Cope: Neo-platonic Framework for Baha'i Philosophy

Ali Murad Davudi: Human Station in the Baha'i Faith: Selected Sections. Philosophy and Knowledge of the Divine

William Hatcher: Minimalism. A Bridge Between Classical Philosophy and the Baha'i Revelation

Muhammad Iqbal: The Development of Metaphysics in Persia

Kashkul website, a collection of translations by Will McCants, many related to philosophical topics

Farshid Kazemi: Mysteries of Alast: The Realm of Subtle Entities and the Primordial Covenant in the Babi-Baha'i Writings

Ian Kluge: Neoplatonism and the Baha'i Writings

Ian Kluge: Bahai Ontology: An Initial Reconnaisance

Ian Kluge: Process Philosophy and the Baha'i Writings. An Initial Exploration

Stephen Lambden: Kaleidoscope: Some Aspects of Angeology, Light, the Divine Throne and Color Mysticism in Babi and Baha'i Scripture

Jean-Marc Lepain: Tractatus on Philosophy

Jean-Marc Lepain: The Archeology of the Kingdom of God

Jean-Marc Lepain: The Tablet of All Food: The Hierarchy of the Spiritual Worlds and the Metaphoric Nature of Physical Reality

Marian C. Lippitt, and edited by J. Michael Kafes: Reality and the Worlds of God (Compilation)

Bijan Masumian: The Realms of Existence as Described in the Tablet of All Food

Robin Mihrshahi: A Wondrous New Day: The Numerology of Creation and 'All Things' in the Badi Calendar

Moojan Momen: Mazhar-i Ilahi (Manifestation of God)

Moojan Momen: Relativism: A Basis for Baha'i Metaphysics

Moojan Momen: Cosmogony and Cosmology

Moojan Momen: A Study of the Meaning of the Word 'al-amr' in the Qur'an and the Writings of Baha'u'llah

Vahid Rafati: Lawh-i-Hikmat: The Two Agents and the Two Patients

Nader Saiedi: Gate of the Heart: Understanding the Writings of the Bab

Jon Trevathan: A Compilation of the Baha'i Writings on Soul, Spirit and Mind

Jon Trevathan: "BE" Kaf, Nun and Kun. A Compilation with Comments

Ismael Velasco: Bibliography of Works on Baha'i Metaphysics in the English Language

Various: Wilmette notes on the Tablet of All Food

Wiki page on Baha'i cosmology

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